Embroidery is the art of applying decorative figures with threads inserted into the fabric with the help of a needle, transforming the fabric into a beautiful object.
The first news about the Portuguese embroidery are ancient.
The origin of the embroideries of Viana do Castelo plunge into the rural villages of the county, where were found embroideries in cotton and wool thread used on rural female costumes. The motives and techniques used in the costumes confection have been shaping the embroideries of Viana, turned it into a commercial product and in a unique embroidery.
The embroideries of Viana do Castelo came out of anonymity by the hand of Geminiana Branco Abreu Lima, who organized, for the first time, an exhibition in 1917 during the “Senhora d’Agonia” festivities.
These embroideries are worked on three types of fabric: homemade linen, fine linen and cotton, embroidered in blue, white and red cotton thread. Embroiderers from Minho draw their compositions with admirable artistic intuition, inspired in natural motives symmetrically arranged. Floral arrangements are predominant, like camellias and hearts among other motives.
The embroideries of Viana has develeped to keep up with a more modern look, but without ever losing its defining elements; found new fabrics and textures as well as new uses for urban consumption objects.
Certification of Embroideries of Viana do Castelo
The City Council of Viana do Castelo together with the Committee on Monitoring Project "Embroidery of Viana – Viana’s Heritage" had worked since 2005 for the certification of this finest handmade product.
The brand "Embroidery of Viana do Castelo" was created in associating with a logo designed by Rui Carvalho.
The next step was taken with the publication of "Specification of embroidery of Viana do Castelo", a guiding document of the certification process. In this document can be found detailed information regarding defining elements of Viana do Castelo embroidery.
The certification process was concluded in August 2012.